Abakar, M., E. Schelling, M. Béchir, B. Ngandolo, K. Pfister, I. Alfaroukh, et al. 2016. Trends in health surveillance and joint service delivery for pastoralists in West and Central Africa. The future of pastoralism (J. Zinsstag, E. Schelling & B. Bonfoh, eds). Revue Scientifique et Technique (International Office of Epizootics) 35 (2): 683–691.
African Union. (2013). Policy framework for pastoralism in Africa: Securing, protecting and improving the lives, livelihoods and rights of pastoralist communities. Retrieved from https://au.int/sites/default/files/documents/30259-doc-pastoral_policy_framework_-_low_res.pdf
Avis, W. 2018. Rebuilding pastoralist livelihoods during and after conflict. Brighton: IDS.
Bett, B., M. McLaws, C. Jost, L. Schoonman, F. Unger, J. Poole, et al. 2015. The effectiveness of preventative mass vaccination regimes against the incidence of highly pathogenic avian influenza on Java Island, Indonesia. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases 62 (2): 163–173.
Bisson, Loïc. (2020). When pandemic meets poverty: Pandemonium for pastoralists in the Sahel (CRU Policy brief). The Hague: Clingendael – Netherlands Institute of International Relations; Retrieved from https://www.clingendael.org/sites/default/files/2020-07/PB_When_pandemic_meets_poverty.pdf. Accessed 20 July 2020.
Bodha, B., Katelo, H., Basele, S., Kihara, A., Chuchu, S., Kiara, H., Wamwere-Njoroge, G. and Bett, B. 2017. Using electronic syndromic surveillance system to collect animal health and meat inspection records in Marsabit County, Kenya. Technical report. Nairobi: ILRI.
Caccialanza, R., A. Laviano, F. Lobascio, E. Montagna, R. Bruno, S. Ludovisi, et al. 2020. Early nutritional supplementation in non-critically ill patients hospitalized for the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Rationale and feasibility of a shared pragmatic protocol. Nutrition 42: 110835.
Catley, A., F. Chabari, Y. Aklilu, and D. Abebe. 2009. Policy framework for food security in pastoralist areas. Consultative Draft. Lusaka: COMESA
Catley, A., J. Lind, and I. Scoones. 2016. The futures of pastoralism in the Horn of Africa: Pathways of growth and change. Office international des epizooties revue scientifique et technique 35 (2): 389–403.
CGIAR. (2018). Outcome impact case report: Reporting 2018 evidences. Retrieved from https://marlo.cgiar.org/projects/A4NH/studySummary.do?studyID=2776&cycle=Reporting&year=2018&fbclid=IwAR25RXldX2pcAEpqbAlFrE4NHDpn_7hyyaeCgv1wpp6Lvj1aEeXBYrmd-oY
de Jode, H. (Ed.). (2010). Modern and mobile: the future of livestock production in Africa's drylands. United Kingdom: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and SOS Sahel International UK.
du Plessis, L., and T. Stadler. 2015. Getting to the root of epidemic spread with phylodynamic analysis of genomic data. Trends in Microbiology 23 (7): 383–386.
Dubale, T., and D.H. Mariam. 2007. Determinants of conventional health service utilization among pastoralists in northeast Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development 21 (2): 142–147.
El Shiekh, B., and A. van der Kwaak. 2015. Factors influencing the utilization of maternal health care services by nomads in Sudan. Pastoralism 5 (1): 23.
Fang, Hanming, Wang, Long and Yang, Yang, (2020), Human Mobility Restrictions and the Spread of the Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in China, No 26906, NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:nbr:nberwo:26906
Flintan, F. (2008). Women’s empowerment in pastoral societies. Nairobi: World Initiative for Sustainable Pastoralism, Global Environment Facility, International Union for Conservation of Nature, United Nations Development Programme; Retrieved from https://www.iucn.org/sites/dev/files/import/downloads/gender_format.pdf
Flintan, F., Ebro, A., Eba, B., Reytar, K. and Gebreyohannes, Z. 2018. An evaluation of participatory rangeland management in Ethiopia: Its impact on land security and land use planning, rangeland governance and productivity. Poster. March 2018. Nairobi: ILRI.
FloodList. (2020). Africa. Retrieved from http://floodlist.com/africa
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2011. World livestock 2011–Livestock in food security. Rome: FAO.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2018). Pastoralism in Africa’s drylands. Retrieved from Rome: http://www.fao.org/3/CA1312EN/ca1312en.pdf
Gebremichael, B., and S. Girmay. 2019. Camel milk production and marketing: Pastoral areas of Afar, Ethiopia. Pastoralism 9 (1): 16.
Griffith, E.F., J.R. Kipkemoi, A.H. Robbins, T.O. Abuom, J.C. Mariner, T. Kimani, and H. Amuguni. 2020. A One Health framework for integrated service delivery in Turkana County, Kenya. Pastoralism 10 (1): 1–13.
Grillos, T. 2014. Enhancing governance to support drought resilience in Marsabit County: Recommendations for the BOMA governance program. Governance audit. Retreived from https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/grillos/files/enhancing_govenance_to_support_drought_resilience.pdf. Accessed 10 June 2020.
Hoffmann, I., T. From, and D. Boerma. 2014. Ecosystem services provided by livestock species and breeds, with special consideration to the contributions of small-scale livestock keepers and pastoralists. Rome: FAO http://www.fao.org/3/a-at598e.pdf.
IGAD. (2020). IGAD Member States: Novel coronavirus (COVID-19) situation. Retrieved from https://igad.int/coronavirus/igad-covid-19-tracker. Accessed 21 July 2020.
Jensen, N.D., C.B. Barrett, and A.G. Mude. 2017. Cash transfers and index insurance: A comparative impact analysis from Northern Kenya. Journal of Development Economics 129: 14–28.
Jost, C., S. Nzietchueng, S. Kihu, B. Bett, G. Njogu, E.S. Swai, and J.C. Mariner. 2010. Epidemiological assessment of the Rift Valley fever outbreak in Kenya and Tanzania in 2006 and 2007. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 83 (2_Suppl): 65–72.
Kamadjeu, R., A. Mulugeta, D. Gupta, A. Abshir Hirsi, A. Belayneh, M. Clark-Hattingh, et al. 2015. Immunizing nomadic children and livestock–experience in North East Zone of Somalia. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics 11 (11): 2637–2639.
Karimuribo, E.D., E. Mutagahywa, C. Sindato, L. Mboera, M. Mwabukusi, M.K. Njenga, et al. 2017. A smartphone app (AfyaData) for innovative one health disease surveillance from community to national levels in Africa: Intervention in disease surveillance. JMIR Public Health and Surveillance 3 (4): e94.
Kissler, S.M., C. Tedijanto, E. Goldstein, Y.H. Grad, and M. Lipsitch. 2020. Projecting the transmission dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 through the postpandemic period. Science 368 (6493): 860–868.
Kristjanson, P., A. Waters-Bayer, N. Johnson, A. Tipilda, J. Njuki, I. Baltenweck, et al. 2014. Livestock and women’s livelihoods. In Gender in agriculture, eds. Agnes R. Quisumbing, Ruth Meinzen-Dick, Terri L. Raney, André Croppenstedt, Julia A. Behrman, Amber Peterman, 209–233. Dordrecht: Springer.
Lai, A., A. Bergna, C. Acciarri, M. Galli, and G. Zehender. 2020. Early phylogenetic estimate of the effective reproduction number of SARS-CoV-2. Journal of Medical Virology 92 (6): 675–679.
Lankester, F., A. Davis, S. Kinung’hi, J. Yoder, C. Bunga, S. Alkara, et al. 2019. An integrated health delivery platform, targeting soil-transmitted helminths (STH) and canine mediated human rabies, results in cost savings and increased breadth of treatment for STH in remote communities in Tanzania. BMC Public Health 19 (1): 1398.
LEGS. 2014. Livestock emergency guidelines and standards. 2nd ed. Rugby: Practical Action Publishing https://www.livestock-emergency.net/download-legs/.
Leyland, T., R. Lotira, D. Abebe, G. Bekele, and A. Catley. 2014. Community-based animal health workers in the Horn of Africa. An evaluation for the Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance. Addis Ababa and Vetwork UK, Frinton-on-Sea: Feinstein International Center, Tufts University Africa Regional Office.
Little, P.D., D.N. Debsu, and W. Tiki. 2014. How pastoralists perceive and respond to market opportunities: The case of the Horn of Africa. Food Policy 49: 389–397.
Liu, Y., L. Bi, Y. Chen, Y. Wang, J. Fleming, Y. Yu, et al. 2020. Active or latent tuberculosis increases susceptibility to COVID-19 and disease severity. medRxiv. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.03.10.20033795.
Lloyd-Sherlock, P., S. Ebrahim, L. Geffen, and M. McKee. 2020. Bearing the brunt of Covid-19: Older people in low and middle income countries. BMJ 368: m1052.
Long'or, B., Bodha, B., Kihara, A., Hambe, H., Chemis, V., Kutu, A., Abdisemet, O., Kiara, H., Wamwere-Njoroge, G. and Bett, B. 2018. Mobile phone-based syndromic surveillance system for early detection and control of livestock diseases. Poster prepared for the CGIAR Platform for Big Data in Agriculture Convention, Nairobi, 3–5 October 2018. Nairobi: ILRI.
Manzano, P., and C. Salguero. 2018. Mobile pastoralism in the Mediterranean: Arguments and evidence for policy reform and to combat climate change. Geneva: Mediterranean Consortium for Nature and Culture.
Manzano, P., and L.E. Yamat. 2018. Livestock sector in the Ngorongoro District: Analysis, shortcomings and options for improvement. Wasso & Dar es Salaam: Ngorongoro District Council and GIZ.
Mariner, J.C., J.A. House, C.A. Mebus, A.E. Sollod, D. Chibeu, B.A. Jones, et al. 2012. Rinderpest eradication: Appropriate technology and social innovations. Science 337 (6100): 1309–1312.
Mariner, J.C., B.A. Jones, S. Hendrickx, I. El Masry, Y. Jobre, and C.C. Jost. 2014. Experiences in participatory surveillance and community-based reporting systems for H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza: A case study approach. Ecohealth 11 (1): 22–35.
Marshall, F. 1990. Origins of specialized pastoral production in East Africa. American Anthropologist 92 (4): 873–894.
Ministry of State for Development of Northern Kenya and Other Arid Lands. 2012. ‘Releasing our full potential.’ Sessional paper no. 8 of 2012, on the National Policy for the Sustainable Development of Northern Kenya and other Arid Lands. Nairobi: Government of Kenya
Molina-Flores, B., P. Manzano-Baena, and M.D. Coulibaly. 2020. The role of livestock in food security, poverty reduction and wealth creation in West Africa. Accra: FAO.
Mtui-Malamsha, N., J. Assenga, E. Swai, F. Msemwa, S. Makungu, H. Chinyuka, et al. 2020. Subnational operationalization of one health: Lessons from the establishment of One Health rapid response teams in Tanzania. Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 114(7):538–540.
Musoke, D., et al. 2016. The role of environmental health in one health: A Uganda perspective. One Health 2: 157–160.
Ndejjo, R., et al. 2019. History, evolution and future of environmental health in Uganda. Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health 74 (1–2): 66–75.
Njeumi, F., D. Bailey, J. Soula, B. Diop, and B.G. Tekola. 2020. Eradicating the scourge of peste des petits ruminants from the world. Viruses 12 (3): 313.
Nkengasong, J.N., and W. Mankoula. 2020. Looming threat of COVID-19 infection in Africa: Act collectively, and fast. The Lancet 395 (10227): 841–842.
Nooh, F., L. Crump, A. Hashi, R. Tschopp, E. Schelling, K. Reither, et al. 2019. The impact of pastoralist mobility on tuberculosis control in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-synthesis. Infectious Diseases of Poverty 8 (1): 73.
Nori, M. 2010. The golden udder: Marketing milk from camels in Puntland, Somalia. In Adding value to livestock diversity – Marketing to promote local breeds and improve livelihoods, ed. Paul Mundy, 99–106. Rome: LPP, LIFE Network, IUCN–WISP and FAO.
Nori, M., M.B. Kenyanjui, M.A. Yusuf, and F.H. Mohammed. 2006. Milking drylands: The marketing of camel milk in north-east Somalia. Nomadic Peoples 10 (1): 9–28.
Nugteren, H., and C. Le Côme. 2016. Unleashing the potential of pastoralism to develop West Africa. The Hague: SNV & KIT.
Nyariki, D.M., and D.A. Amwata. 2019. The value of pastoralism in Kenya: Application of total economic value approach. Pastoralism 9 (1): 9.
Oba, G. 2012. Harnessing pastoralists’ indigenous knowledge for rangeland management: Three African case studies. Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice 2 (1): 1.
Onyango, D., Fascendini, M., Wieland, B., Ikiror, D., Sircely, J., & Tefera, S. (2019). One Health policy context of Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya: One Health Units for Humans, Environment, Animals and Livelihoods (HEAL) Project. Retrieved from https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/106965/One_Health_Policy.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
Peterman, A., Potts, A., O’Donnell, M., Thompson, K., Shah, N., Oertelt-Prigione, S., & van Gelder, N. (2020). Pandemics and violence against women and children. Center for Global Development Working Paper (in press).
ProMED-mail. (2020a). Foot & mouth disease - Kenya: (Kajiado) Livestock. Retrieved from https://promedmail.org/promed-posts/
ProMED-mail. (2020b). Rift Valley fever - Eastern Africa. Retrieved from https://promedmail.org/
Regional Desert Locust Alliance. (2020). Addressing the double-crisis of locusts and COVID-19 in the greater Horn of Africa [press release]. Retreived from https://reliefweb.int/report/somalia/addressing-double-crisis-locusts-and-covid-19-greater-horn-africa.
Rocklöv, J., and H. Sjödin. 2020. High population densities catalyze the spread of COVID-19. Journal of Travel Medicine 27(3):taaa038.
Schelling, E., H. Greter, H. Kessely, M. Abakar, B. Ngandolo, L. Crump, et al. 2016. Human and animal health surveys among pastoralists. Revue scientifique et technique (International Office of Epizootics) 35 (2): 659–671.
Schelling, E., M.B. Mahamat, J. Zinsstag, and M. Tanner. 2015. Integrated One Health Services. In One Health: The theory and practice of integrated health approaches, eds. Jakob Zinsstag, Esther Schelling, David Waltner-Toews, Maxine Whittaker, Marcel Tanner, 230-242. Wallingford: CABI.
SEEP. 2017. Minimum economic recovery standards. 3rd ed. Washington DC: the SEEP Network and Rugby, UK, Practical Action Publishing https://seepnetwork.org/Resource-Post/Minimum-Economic-Recovery-Standards-Third-Edition-exist-190.
Sima, B.T., T. Belachew, G. Bjune, and F. Abebe. 2019. Traditional healers’ role in the detection of active tuberculosis cases in a pastoralist community in Ethiopia: A pilot interventional study. BMC Public Health 19 (1): 721.
Sphere Association. 2018. The sphere handbook: Humanitarian charter and minimum standards in humanitarian response. 4th ed. Geneva: www.spherestandards.org/handbook.
Stadler, T., D. Kühnert, D.A. Rasmussen, and L. du Plessis. 2014. Insights into the early epidemic spread of Ebola in Sierra Leone provided by viral sequence data. PLoS Currents Outbreaks. . https://doi.org/10.1371/currents.outbreaks.02bc6d927ecee7bbd33532ec8ba6a25f.
The International Livestock Research Institute. (2011). Operational research for Indonesia for more effective control of highly pathogenic avian influenza. Retrieved from https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/35218/ORI%20HPAI-FinalProjectReport.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y&fbclid=IwAR1HGRlcPpT2rL8ZMAsEv8WGkpIKXzfJRBuD5tMq29Y66GuB_W39PmJW7Vg
The Lancet. 2020. The gendered dimensions of COVID-19. Lancet 395 (10231): 1168.
Turner, M.D., and E. Schlecht. 2019. Livestock mobility in sub-Saharan Africa: A critical review. Pastoralism 9 (1): 13.
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. (2015). The demographic profile of African countries.
United Nations Environment Programme and International Livestock Research Institute. 2020. Preventing the next pandemic: Zoonotic diseases and how to break the chain of transmission. Nairobi: UNEP.
USAID Bureau for Resilience and Food Security. (2020). Guidance on supporting safe and functioning food markets. Retrieved from https://www.marketlinks.org/sites/marketlinks.org/files/resources/rfs_safe_and_functioning_markets_during_covid-19_technical_guidance.pdf
Vétérinaires Sans Frontières Germany. (2018). 2018 annual report. Retrieved from http://www.vsfg.org/fileadmin/docs-vsfg/Annual_Reports/HP_Annual_report_2018.pdf
Vétérinaires Sans Frontières International. (2020). One Health implementation in the Global South: A holistic approach to address the key challenge of livestock-dependent communities
Vétérinaires Sans Frontières Suisse. (2019). Community dialogue handbook. Retrieved from https://issuu.com/veterinairessansfrontieressuisse/docs/2017-08-22-community_dialogue_handb
Walker, P., C. Jost, A. Ghani, S. Cauchemez, B. Bett, M. Azhar, et al. 2015. Estimating the transmissibility of H5N1 and the effect of vaccination in Indonesia. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases 62 (2): 200–208.
World Health Organization. (2017). Community health worker programmes in the WHO African region: Evidence and options—Policy brief.
World Health Organization. (2020). Critical preparedness, readiness and response actions for COVID-19. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/publications-detail/critical-preparedness-readiness-and-response-actions-for-covid-19
Zinsstag, J., M. Abakar, M. Ibrahim, R. Tschopp, L. Crump, B. Bonfoh, and E. Schelling. 2016. Cost-effective control strategies for animal and zoonotic diseases in pastoralist populations. Revue Scientifique et Technique (International Office of Epizootics) 35 (2): 673–681.