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Research, Policy and Practice

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Table 2 Mean productivity parameters per household herd (with confidence intervals)

From: Pastoral livelihoods of the Fulani on the Jos Plateau of Nigeria

  1975 2008
Starting stock 126 (19 – 232) cattle 253 (62 – 443) cattle
Closing stock 141 (16 – 267) cattle 249 (60 – 440) cattle
% Change in herd +7.8% (−17.0% – +25.6%) −1.2% (−2.8% – +0.3%)
Births 28.5% (4.0% – 53.0%) 5.8% (4.0% – 7.6%)
Deaths 8.0% (0% – 55.3%) 3.5% (2.1% – 4.9%)
Sales 10.4% (5.3% – 52.6%) 3.2% (2.2% – 4.3%)
Purchases 1.2% (0% – 2.3%) 1.0% (0.4% – 1.7%)
Price bought $769.5 (115.2 – 1,423.9) $308.9 (265.0 – 352.8)
Price sold $559.1 (188.3 – 923.00) $680.9 (609.2 – 752.5)
Natural herd growth 14.7% (8.2% – 21.2%) 1.6% (0.4% – 2.8%)
Actual offtake 11.7% (2.2% – 21.3%) 3.6% (2.4% – 4.7%)