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Research, Policy and Practice

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Table 1 Investments and policies required along the aridity continuum

From: Policies in support of pastoralism and biodiversity in the heterogeneous drylands of East Africa

Dry sub-humid
Arid or semi-arid
Protect access to communal resources (water and seasonal forage for wildlife and livestock)
Ensure effective regulation of transhumance
Compensation for wildlife damage
Focus on diversification strategies to protect biodiversity
Promote crop-livestock systems
Promote crops that complement ‘pastoralism and biodiversity’
  Enable livestock mobility to maintain livestock-biodiversity corridors
Strengthen communal resource management
Focus on diversification to promote resilience
Develop integrated pasture-water monitoring and management systems and institutions
Provide infrastructure for integrated rangeland-water management
Risk management and safety nets (e.g. insurance)