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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 2 Associated Popular Nosological Entities (PNE) of major brucellosis symptoms in animals and their associated causes

From: Gendered asymmetry of access to knowledge for brucellosis control among pastoral communities in north-west Côte d’Ivoire

Brucellosis symptoms Malinké Fulani Local meaning Associated causes
Hygromas Cégroubadimi Gbinningroudimi Bakaalè
N’Diam
Knee pain/swollen knees
N’Diam (water)
Aggravated trypanosomiasis
Foot and mouth disease
Orchitis Bèlèkilifounou
Kilifounou
Tchèfounou
côclifounou
Yèrèboutchi or Yèrèfondè Swollen testicles
Tchèfounou (male organs swollen)
Ignored causes, no disease associated
Abortions connon-fili
connon-tchan
Gnefitch or Fitch Aborted foetus Trypanosomiasis, foot and mouth diseases, tick-borne diseases, dirty water, hunger during the dry season
Drop in milk production Nonnon dôgôya Kossan madjè-timi Drop in milk production Trypanosomiasis, pregnancy