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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 3 Functional traits in the Borgou cattle breed according to groups of farmers

From: The functional traits and threats to the Borgou cattle breed as perceived by farmers in Benin

Traits LargeZB (n = 23) SedPur (n = 35) SIntPur (n = 18) SmallZB (n = 29) Kruskal–Wallis test p-value and S
Adaptability 5 (1)a
4.32 ± 0.90a
5 (1)a
4.53 ± 0.68a
5 (1)a
4.71 ± 0.46a
5 (1)a
4.42 ± 0.61
1.5799 0.6639 NS
Conf 4 (2)a
3.60 ± 1.28
4 (2)a
3.90 ± 0.95
3 (1.75)a
3.35 ± 1.21
3 (1)a
3.33 ± 0.92
6.8375 0.07726 NS
Growth 2 (1.5)a
2.32 ± 1.33
2 (1)a
2.33 ± 0.95
2 (1.75)a
2.14 ± 1.02
2 (2)a
2.15 ± 1.06
1.5784 0.6643 NS
Fertility 4 (2)a
4.07 ± 1.18
5 (1)a
4.40 ± 0.81
4 (1)a
4.35 ± 0.74
4 (1)a
4.12 ± 0.81
5.5863 0.1336 NS
Manure 5 (1)a
4.42 ± 0.69
4 (1)a
4.40 ± 0.49
4.5 (1)a
4.50 ± 0.51
4 (1)a
4.36 ± 0.60
3.4187 0.3315 NS
MilkProd 3 (1)a
2.42 ± 0.99
2 (1)a
2.83 ± 1.11
3 (2)a
2.92 ± 1.20
3 (2)a
2.75 ± 1.19
1.0597 0.7868 NS
Selling price 2 (1)b
2.03 ± 0.92
2 (1)a
2.73 ± 0.86
2.5 (2)a
3.00 ± 0.96
2 (1)a,b
2.48 ± 1.03
23.288 0.00831**
DisRes 5 (1)
4.78 ± 0.41a
5 (0.5)
4.36 ± 0.96a
4.5 (1)a
4.28 ± 0.82
5 (1)a
4.21 ± 1.19
1.8543 0.6032 NS
Draught 5 (1)a
4.39 ± 0.87
5 (1)a
4.60 ± 0.62
5 (1)a
4.21 ± 0.89
5 (1)a
4.66 ± 0.59
0.8221 0.8442 NS
ValFR 4 (1)a
4.28 ± 1.15
4 (2)a,b
3.66 ± 1.12
4 (3)b
3.28 ± 1.32
5 (2)a
4.03 ± 1.23
16.486 0.0486*
  1. Values in brackets are interquartile range (IQR)
  2. SIntPur semi-intensive purebred Borgou cattle farming, SedPur sedentary purebred Borgou cattle farming, LargeZB large transhumant of Zebu and Borgou cross-bred cattle farming, SmallZB small transhumant of Zebu and Borgou cross-bred cattle farming, DisRes disease resistance, MilkProd milk production, ValFR valorization of feed resources, Conf conformation
  3. a,b,cThe values on the same row with different letters are significantly different at 5%
  4. *p < 0.0. **p < 0.01