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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 1 Threat level from the other cattle breeds according to groups of farmers

From: The functional traits and threats to the Borgou cattle breed as perceived by farmers in Benin

Breed LargeZB (n = 23) SedPur (n = 35) SIntPur (n = 18) SmallZB (n = 29) Kruskal–Wallis test p-value and S
Azawak 4 (2)a
4.10 ± 1.37
4 (2)b
3.63 ± 1.24
4 (1)b
3.28 ± 0.99
4 (2)b
3.72 ± 1.17
5.185 0.0211*
Goudali 4 (0.5)a
3.96 ± 1.31
4 (1)a
4.36 ± 0.85
3.5 (2)a
3.50 ± 1.16
5 (1)a
4.06 ± 0.99
5.8831 0.1174 NS
Mbororo 3 (1.5)a
2.50 ± 1.34
2 (2.5)a
2.96 ± 1.29
3.5 (1)a
3.35 ± 1.00
3 (2)a
3.03 ± 1.23
4.1881 0.2419 NS
Ndama 2 (1)a
2.00 ± 0.81
2 (1)b
1.53 ± 0.62
2 (0)ab
1.71 ± 0.46
1 (1)b
1.51 ± 0.50
5.273 0.0147*
Somba 2 (1)a
1.67 ± 0.77
2 (1)a
1.83 ± 0.69
2 (1)a
1.50 ± 0.65
2 (1)a
1.72 ± 0.76
0.37008 0.9464 NS
Yakana 4 (2)a
4.00 ± 0.95
4 (2)a
3.71 ± 1.27
4 (2)a
3.27 ± 1.36
4 (2)a
3.62 ± 1.29
2.8065 0.4224 NS
Exotic breeds 2 (1)a
2.52 ± 0.59
2 (1)b
1.72 ± 0.75
2 (1)ab
2.00 ± 0.87
2 (0)ab
2.13 ± 0.69
13.358 0.003923**
  1. Values in brackets are interquartile range (IQR)
  2. SIntPur semi-intensive purebred Borgou cattle farming, SedPur sedentary purebred Borgou cattle farming, LargeZB large transhumant of Zebu and Borgou cross-bred cattle farming, SmallZB small transhumant of Zebu and Borgou cross-bred cattle farming, p-value value of the probability, S significance, NS non-significant
  3. a,b,cThe values on the same row with different letters are significantly different
  4. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01