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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 3 Multivariate probit estimates of determinants of household livestock ownership

From: Determinants of livestock species ownership at household level: Evidence from rural OR Tambo District Municipality, South Africa

Independent variables Dependent variables
Cattle Goats Sheep Pigs Chicken
Rainfall −.8081163 (0.000)*** −.7598865 (0.000)*** −.9484667 (0.000)*** −1.096674 (0.000)*** −.8474476 (0.000)***
Gender .395902 (0.001)*** .1980286 (0.074)* .522055 (0.000)*** .0740547 (0.527) −.0370914 (0.756)
Age .0075615 (0.073)* −.006287 (0.134) .0006373 (0.879) −.0034608 (0.433) .0078559 (0.071)*
Marital status (married) .0498536 (0.673) .2985565 (0.011)** .1797063 (0.120) .2280364 (0.057)* .0314676 (0.796)
Household size .025016 (0.092)* .0040827 (0.778) .0035543 (0.806) .0080245 (0.597) −.0145113 (0.343)
Education −.0878694 (0.202) −.1586561 (0.018)** .0128164 (0.850) −.0345151 (0.617) −.0283003 (0.695)
Religion (Christianity) −.6903832 (0.074)* −.2455355 (0.502) .3882413 (0.341) −.2730725 (0.479) −.1473506 (0.695)
Religion (Traditional) −.5548041 (0.212) .1738362 (0.680) .7530044 (0.103) .3113998 (0.87) −.320749 (0.465)
Household income .1375483 (0.016)** .1482393 (0.007)** .0983903 (0.070)* .1752523 (0.002)*** .131781 (0.026)**
Employment status −.1675546 (0.200) −.128393 (0.309) −.2348115 (0.065)* .0601004 (0.644) −.2541429 (0.055)*
Constant .2461727 (0.614) .3220724 (0.491) −.6576902 (0.184) −.1292247 (0.791) .5603101 (0.248)
  1. Note: *, ** and *** are respectively at the 10, 5 and 1% levels significant p-values in parentheses. Number of observations = 650. Wald Chi2 (50) = 248.13. Log likelihood = −1679.8092. Prob > chi2 = 0.0000