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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 4 Genetic improvement, subsidies and credit in feeding strategy clusters and households

From: Ranchers or pastoralists? Farm size, specialisation and production strategy amongst cattle farmers in south-eastern Kazakhstan

Cluster HH 1: small sedentary 2: medium mobile 3: medium fodder purchaser 4: medium fodder producer 5: large mobile fodder purchaser 6: large mobile fodder producer Total farms Pearson’s chi-squared test# Logistic regression lncattleα
N 50 40 56 25 32 27 20 200 χ2 β
Any kind of genetic improvement (0/1) 0.14 0.03-cv 0.11 0.16 0.13 0.56+cv 55+cv 0.20 46.6*** 1.83***
Uses any type of pedigree bull (0/1) 0.10 0-cv 0.11 0.12-cv 0.09 0.44+cv 50+cv 0.17 41.0*** 1.97***
Uses artificial insemination (0/1) 0.04 0.03 0 0.04 0.03 0.04 0 0.02 2.7 −0.70
Has subsidised bull (0/1) 0 0 0 0 0 0.22+cv 30+cv 0.06 42.8*** 3.37***
Received any subsidy (0/1) 0 0 0.02 0 0.06 0.33+cv 30+cv 0.09 40.6*** 2.17***
Received credit (0/1) 0.14 0.1 0.07 0.24 0.13 0.19 0.20 0.14 6.1 0.44**
Used loan for investment in agriculture (0/1) 0 0.03 0 0.12 0.03 0.07 0.10 0.04 8.4 0.85***
Invested in barn/pasture use (0/1) 0.04 0.05 0.11 0.24 0.13 0.26 0.25 0.15 9.8* 0.37*
Invested in fodder production (0/1) 0 0 0.05 0 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.03 3.4 0.60
Cooperative member (0/1) 0.04 0 0.05 0.08 0.03 0.04 0.20+cv 0.06 11.2** 0.53*
Uses tractor (0/1) 0.34 0.57 0.54 0.24-cv 0.66 0.70 0.80 0.57 18.7*** 0.49***
Uses mechanical mower (0/1) 0.16 0.40 0.41 0.16-cv 0.56 0.48 0.80+cv 0.45 20.9*** 0.41**
  1. Over past 3 years to the survey (otherwise all figures for 12 months to survey).
  2. #Test statistic for the difference between farm clusters: ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1
  3. αLogistic regression on log of cattle ownership, ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1