Skip to main content

Research, Policy and Practice

Table 2 Basic characteristics of the six production clusters identified

From: Ranchers or pastoralists? Farm size, specialisation and production strategy amongst cattle farmers in south-eastern Kazakhstan

No. N (of 200) % Cluster short title Description
1 40 20% Small sedentary Small sedentary farms using mostly village pasture and having the highest reliance on supplements in winter, including purchased concentrate.
2 56 28% Medium mobile Medium farms with high mobility and access to pastures. Provide less fodder per head than other medium operations (3 and 4), mostly in the form of self-produced roughage. Many use off-village pasture all year.
3 25 13% Medium fodder purchaser Medium farms with almost no access to arable land, providing large amounts of purchased supplements. Cover a wide range of pasture use and mobility types, but the majority use off-village summer pasture only.
4 32 16% Medium fodder producer Medium farms with the highest mean cropland areas and volume of concentrate provided per animal. This group has a range of pasture use and mobility, but the majority use off-village pasture in summer pasture only.
5 27 14% Large mobile fodder purchaser Large mobile extensive operation using both off-village winter and summer pastures and providing mostly poor-quality roughage (natural hay) in winter, much of which is purchased.
6 20 10% Large mobile fodder producer Large mobile operation using both remote winter and summer pastures, with access to cropland and provision of high-quality self-produced fodder in relatively small quantities.