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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 2 Distribution of responders per categories for the three clusters identified by the hierarchical classification analysis

From: Characterisation of smallholders’ goat production systems in the Fatick area, Senegal

Variables and categories Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Total p value
Educational level      ***
 Literacy education 21 0 10 31  
 Primary education 3 0 3 6  
 Secondary education 0 4 0 4  
 Quranic education 4 0 0 4  
Buck breed      NS
 Local breed mating 27 3 13 43  
 Crossbreeding 1 1 0 2  
Grazing mode      NS
 Mixed crop-livestock system 27 4 11 42  
 Free grazing 1 0 2 3  
Animal housing      NS
 Unsheltered 25 2 11 38  
 Sheltered 3 2 2 7  
Milk process      ***
 No milk processing 1 1 13 15  
 Milk curdling 26 1 0 27  
 Cheese and yoghurt processing 1 2 0 3  
Milking      ***
 No milking 0 1 13 14  
 Milking 28 3 0 31  
Motivation of keeping goat      ***
 Cash income and self-consumption 0 1 12 13  
 Milk 3 1 0 4  
 Cash income and self-consumption and milking 25 2 1 28  
Birth size      NS
 Single births 7 0 2 9  
 Twin births 21 4 11 36  
Common diseases      *
 Respiratory disease 19 1 6 26  
 Digestive disease 5 3 5 13  
 Dermatosis disease 3 0 2 5  
 Parasitosis disease 1 0 0 1  
Bovine      NS
 No bovine keeping 22 3 11 36  
 Bovine keeping 6 1 2 9  
Sheep      NS
 No sheep keeping 12 0 7 19  
 Sheep keeping 16 4 6 26  
Household size      NS
 Small household, 1 to 5 members 12 1 4 17  
 Medium household, 6 to 10 members 14 2 7 23  
 Large household, > 10 members 2 1 2 5  
  1. NS not significant
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001