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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 1 List of dromedary-Bactrian camel hybrids mentioning their phenotypic Bactrian characters

From: Dromedary (Camelus dromedarius) and Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) crossbreeding husbandry practices in Turkey and Kazakhstan: An in-depth review

HybridsBactrian camel heritage %Camelus bactrianus common phenotypic traits present in hybrids
Hybrid nameFParentsHump areaAreas with Bactrian hair
ForearmsNeckTop head
Nar-mayaF1BactrianDromedary502In all camel hybrids, the typical Bactrian camel hair grown in these three body areas is always present.
However, hair presence and extent are noticeable only in fall, winter, and spring seasons. In the summer/hot season, hair may be completely shed rendering the aspect of these areas as in the dromedary
Kospak 1F2Nar-mayaBactrian756
Aydaramir-aradaF2Nar-mayaNew Kazakh dromed.25+1
Kurt 1F2Iner-mayaDromedary253
BayshinF2Iner-mayaNew Kazakh dromed.25+1
Arada-kurt (Dostik 1)F2Nar-mayaDromedary25
Kospak 2F3Kospak 1Bactrian87.56
Bereket-kospakF3Kospak 1Kalmyk Bactrian87.5
Kurt 2F3Kurt 1Dromedary12.52
Bai-narF3Kurt 1New Kazakh dromed12.5+
Kurt-nar 1F3Kurt 1Bactrian62.5
Kez-nar 1F3Kospak 1Dromedary37.54
BaidaraF3Kospak 1New Kazakh dromed.37.5+1?
Arada-narF3Arada-kurtNew Kazakh dromed.12.5+
Dostik 2 typeF3Arada-kurtDromedary12.5
Dostik 3 typeF4Dostik 2 typeDromedary6.25
Kospak 3F4Kospak 2Dromedary93.757
Kurt-nar 2F4Kurt 2Bactrian56.252
“Hybrid F4”F4Kurt 2Kurt 212.51
Kurt 3F4Kurt 2Dromedary6.25
BekdasF4Kurt 2New Kazakh dromed.6.25+
Kez-nar 2F4Kospak 2Dromedary43.754
BayturF5Kurt-nar 2New Kazakh dromed.28.12+1
AydaramirF5Aydaramir-kurtNew Kazakh dromed.15.62+
Bekdas-narF5BekdasNew Kazakh dromed.6.25+
New Kazakh dromed.F5Kurt 4Kurt 43.12
Kez-nar 3F5Kospak 3Dromedary46.873
SannakF5ArdasNew Kazakh dromed.15.62+1
BaidasbeckF6Kez-nar 3New Kazakh dromed.23.43+
  1. Explanatory notes: Hump area—8, Bactrian humps; 7, two well-developed humps closer than in the Bactrian but separate at their base; 6, two well-developed humps with their bases touching each other; 5, one large hump with two symmetric small humps at the apex; 4, one large hump with two asymmetric small humps at the apex, the rear hump bigger than the front one; 3, one large hump with two visible mounds at the apex; 2, one large hump with a clear depression several centimetres deep on the front top margin; 1, dromedary hump. Bactrian heritage: +, to indicate that New Kazakh Dromedary has still 3.12% of Bactrian camel genes