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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 2 Socio-economic characteristics of cattle owners-managers and absentee-owners

From: The implications of herd entrustment practice for the sustainable use of cattle genetic resources in the (agro)-pastoral systems of West Africa: A case study from Benin

  Overall (n = 211) Owners-managers (n = 121) Absentee-owners (n = 90) Chi-square p value
  (%)   
Sex  
 Male 94.3 93.4 95.6 0.452 0.501
 Female 5.7 6.6 4.4   
Ethnicity     42.84 0.001
Otammari 74.9 91.7 52.2   
 Others 25.1 8.3 47.8   
Educational level     3.760 0.052
 Non-educated 80.6 85.1 74.4   
 Educated 19.4 14.9 25.6   
Cattle keeping since childhood     15.17 0.001
 Yes 55.5 66.9 40.0   
 No 44.5 33.1 60.0   
Off-farm employment     1.013 0.314
 Yes 11.8 9.9 14.4   
 No 88.2 90.1 85.6   
Main source of income     4.853 0.088
 Crop farming 69.7 63.4 77.5   
 Livestock keeping 24.9 29.5 19.1   
 Off-farm employment 5.5 7.1 3.4   
  Means ± SD   
Age of household head (years) 49.2 ± 14.29 49.0 ± 14.63 49.4 ± 13.93 Not applied 0.757
Household size (n) 8.1 ± 3.88 7.9 ± 3.98 8.3 ± 3.77 0.181
Cultivated land size (ha) 4.0 ± 2.46 3.5 ± 1.72 4.2 ± 2.70 0.306