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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 3 Herd dynamics and production system of Nguni cattle farmers (no. = 120)

From: Herd dynamics, production and marketing constraints in the commercialization of cattle across Nguni Cattle Project beneficiaries in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Parameters Number of beneficiaries
  No %
Livestock ownership
 Cattle only 32 26.7
 Cattle and other species 88 73.3
Livestock training
 Formal training 60 50
 Not trained 60 50
Cattle breed owned
 Nguni 39 33
 Non-descripts 54 45
 Bonsmara 11 9
 Brahman 12 10
 Others 4 3
Grazing system practised
 Continuous 95 79.2
 Rotational 25 20.8
Feed supplementation type
 Supplement 63 52.5
 Non Supplement 57 47.5
Source of drinking water
 Dam 50 42
 Borehole 12 10
 River 58 48
Source of veterinary services
 Veterinary drug supplier 96 80.2
 Government veterinary supplier 24 19.8