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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 2 Input variables and values for the livestock threshold model

From: Applying livestock thresholds to examine poverty in Karamoja

Variable Value
Household size and food energy
 Family size adults, Na 2
 Family size children, Nc 4
 Daily energy requirement adult, Ea (kcal) 2100
 Daily energy requirement child, Ec (kcal) 2100
 Proportion of household dietary energy from cereals 82%
 Proportion of household energy from milk 18%
Herd structure
 Proportion of goat herd as breeding females, Bg 70%
 Proportion of cattle herd as adult females, Bc 65%
Losses and gifts
 Annual kid disease and drought mortality, losses, and gifts, Mk 40%
 Annual adult goat disease and drought mortality, losses, and gifts, Mg 35%
 Annual calf disease and drought mortality, losses, and gifts, Mca 40%
 Annual adult cattle disease and drought mortality, losses, and gifts, Mc 35%
Reproduction
 Annual birth rate goats, Rg 1.50
 Annual birth rate cows, Rc 0.80
 Birth ratio male to female, M/F 50%
Milk production and offtake
 Goat milk offtake/day (l), Og 0.20
 Goat lactation period (days), Lg 90
 Food energy goat milk (kcal/l), Egm 692
 Cow milk offtake/day (l), Oc 0.5
 Cow lactation period (days), Lc 180
 Energy value cow milk (kcal/l), Ecm 660
Livestock prices
 Price of goats (UGX), Pg 70,000.00
 Price of young bulls (UGX), Pc 700,000.00
Crop production
 Sorghum area planted (ha), A 0.4
 Sorghum yield (kg/ha), Y 800
 Price sorghum (UGX), Ps 2590
 Energy value sorghum (kcal/kg), Es 3290