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Research, Policy and Practice

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Table 2 Mongolian herding household water, sanitation, and hygiene access and behaviours (n = 150)

From: Knowledge and practices surrounding zoonotic disease among Mongolian herding households

Variable and responseNo. of respondents
n (%)
Household’s primary source of drinking water
 Improved65 (43.3)
  Individual well2 (1.3)
  Shared well2 (1.3)
  Piped water to household/property21 (14)
  Tanker truck0 (0)
  Rainwater0 (0)
  Bottled water0 (0)
  Shared well in soum centre17 (11.3)
 Unimproved42 (28)
  Melted snow16 (10.7)
  Lake, river, or stream49 (32.7)
 Other water sources not listed43 (28.7)
Household water treatment prior to consumption
 Boil water123 (82)
 Filter water3 (2)
 Drink water directly from source24 (16)
Household has a sink/hand washing area (n = 149)
 Yes56 (37.6)
 No93 (62.4)
 Location of hand washing site (n = 56)
  Inside the home19 (33.9)
  Outside the home37 (66.1)
 Is there soap available at the hand washing site (n = 55)
  Yes55 (100)
  No0 (0)
Hand washing events
 In the morning
  Yes140 (93.3)
  No10 (6.7)
 Before cooking
  Yes57 (38)
  No93 (62)
 Before eating
  Yes53 (35.3)
  No97 (64.7)
 Before feeding children in household (n = 54)
  Yes4 (7.4)
  No50 (92.6)
 After bathroom visit
  Yes35 (23.3)
  No115 (76.7)
 After handling animals
  Yes117 (78)
  No33 (22)
Sanitation service used by household (n = 149)
 Improved47 (31.5)
  Flush/pour flush toilet0 (0)
  Pit latrine (with slab)0 (0)
  Composting bio-toilet0 (0)
  Bury in a hole47 (31.5)
 Unimproved102 (68.5)
  Pit latrine (no slab)31 (20.8)
  Bucket/container1 (0.7)
  Open defaecation74 (49.7)
 Other sanitation systems not listed3 (2)