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Table 3 Parameters of travel mobility previously reported in the literature. NR designates a characteristic or parameter that was not reported by the reference

From: Livestock mobility in sub-Saharan Africa: A critical review

Form1 System2 # herd3 # routes/axes4 Max. radius (km)5 Displace (km)6 Annual dist. (km) 7 Country8 Ref9
Map LT/FL NR > 100 10–100 NR NR Senegal (Bonnet-Dupeyron 1951)
Map LT NR 10 150–300 NR NR Niger (Beauvilain 1977)
Map LT NR 6 40–120 NR NR Burkina Faso (Benoit 1978)
Track LT 1 1 NR 12–18 NR Mali (Diallo 1978)
Track LT 1 1 160 NR NR Mali (Traoré 1978)
Map LT/FL NR > 100 5–200 NR NR Senegal (Gomez 1979)
Track ND 3 3 27–40 7–17 80–140 Ivory Coast (Bassett 1986)
Map LT NR 8 100–200 NR NR Ivory Coast (Bassett 1994)
Interview LT 9 9 63–750 NR 183–1880 Niger (Ziviler Friedensdienst et al. 2008)
Interview FL NR NR 40–100 NR NR Cameroon (Dongmo et al. 2012)
GPS ND 10 10 0–12.5 NR NR Kenya (Raizman et al. 2013)
Track LT/FL 3 3 20–260 15–19 NR Sudan (Young et al. 2013)
GPS VT 13 13 NR 10–45 NR Madagascar (Feldt and Schlecht 2016)
Interview LT/FL   54 8–106 NR NR Senegal (Turner et al. 2016a)
Interview ND 91 91 0–50 NR NR Ethiopia (Wario et al. 2016)
GPS ND 20   5.8–12.5 NR NR Ethiopia (Liao et al. 2017)
Interview/map LT 6 8 66–290 NR 132–580 Sudan (Sulieman and Ahmed 2017)
GPS LT 6 6 53.3–172.7 3.2–4.1 (median) 633–763 Cameroon (Motta et al. 2018)
  1. 1Form in which travel movements were monitored or reported (Track tracking of herds, GPS GPS recordings, Interview interviews of herders, Map movements designated on maps without information about how information was gathered). 2The mobility system (LT latitudinal transhumance, FT floodplain/lowland transhumance, VT vertical transhumance, ND non-directional movements). 3The number of herds monitored (# herds). 4The number of routes or axes delineated (# routes/axes). 5The maximum radius of annual travel movements. 6Average displacement distance between encampments over the year. 7The total travel distance covered across the year. 8Country where monitoring occurred. 9The reference reporting the parameters