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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 4 Instrumental probit regression indicating probability of utilization of public health facility

From: Traversing the margins: Access to healthcare by Bakarwals in remote and conflict-prone Himalayan regions of Jammu and Kashmir

Variables Instrumental variable probit
Demand-side characteristics
 Age (ref = 0 to 14)
  15 to 29 − 0.05
  30 to 44 − 0.081
  45 to 59 − 0.005
  60 to 81 0.064
 Sex (ref = male)
  Female − 0.129***
 Education (ref = illiterate)
  Literate 0.016
 Group (ref = migrants)
  Sedentarized 0.228***
 Marital status (ref = never married)
  Currently married 0.034
  Widowed − 0.089
  Divorced − 0.183
 Wealth quintiles (ref = poorest)
  Quintile 2 − 0.061
  Quintile 3 − 0.108***
  Quintile 4 − 0.168**
  Quintile 5 − 0.59
 Whether chronic (ref = yes)
  No − 0.069**
  Household size − 0.006
 Trust on medical ability (ref = unsatisfactory)
  Satisfactory 0.033**
Supply-side characteristics
 Time taken to reach nearest facility (ref = 1 h)
  Within 2 h − 0.054
  Within 3 h − 0.218*
  More than 3 h − 0.381**
 Remoteness (ref = non-availability of transport)
  Availability of transport within 2-km radius 0.232*
  Health facility readiness score 0.118***
  Perceived quality score 0.101**
  1. ***Significant at 1% (p value < 0.01), **significant at 5% (p value < 0.05), and *significant at 10% (p value < 0.10)