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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 4 Economic valuation of reported livestock kill by predators in the study area

From: Livestock depredation by snow leopard and Tibetan wolf: Implications for herders’ livelihoods in Wangchuck Centennial National Park, Bhutan

Year Snow leopard Tibetan wolf Tiger Wild dog Black bear Total
Yak Sheep Horse Yak Sheep Horse Yak Sheep Horse Yak Sheep Horse Yak Sheep Horse
2012 2,638 431 0 14,862   0 462    8,923    8,554 308   36,177
2013 1,292 62 692 11,415 46 923 7,538 5,031   27,000
2014 4,754 154 154 12,215 0 5,077 6,185 10,077 38,615
2015 8,692 0 0 7,277 0 462 5,400 9,108 30,938
2016 5,015 92 0 8,092 0 462 1,800 10,985 26,446
Total loss 22,392 738 846 53,862 46.15 7,385 29,846 43,754  
Annual loss
 Amount per herd 117.8 3.9 4.4 283.5 0 0.2 38.9 0 0 157.1 0 0 230.3 1.6   837.7
 % of total herd 14.1 0.46 0.52 33.8 0.03 4.6 18.8 27.5 0.19 0.00 100
 % per capita income 1.44 0.05 0.05 3.47 0.00 0.48 1.93 2.8 0.01   10.25
  1. Value: amount loss (US$) due to depredation