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Table 4 Estimates of reproductive performance of camels in different areas of Ethiopia

From: Camel production systems in Ethiopia: a review of literature with notes on MERS-CoV risk factors

Parameter Estimates Location Source
Age at first mating (male), years 6.2 Jijiga, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
6.5 Shinille, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
5.5 Afder, Somali Ahmed Shek et al. 2005a, b
Age at first mating (female), years 4.7 Jijiga, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
4.4 Shinille, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
3.9 Afder, Somali Ahmed Shek et al. 2005a, b
3.97 Somali Keskes et al. 2013a
Age at first calving, years 5.0 to 5.4 Afder, Somali Ahmed Shek et al. 2005a, b
4.95   Tadesse et al. 2015a, b
6 Somali Bekele and Kibebew 2002
5.18 Somali Keskes et al. 2013a
5.36 Somali Keskes et al. 2013a
5 East Africa Schwartz and Walsh 1992
4.87 Somali, North Kenya Kaufmann 2005
5.25 Rendille, North Kenya Kaufmann 2005
5.7 Gabra, North Kenya Kaufmann 2005
Lifespan (male), years 22 Jijiga, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
23 Shinille, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
Lifespan (female), years 29.8 Jijiga, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
29 Shinille, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
Productive life (male), years 9.3 Jijiga, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
9.7 Shinille, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
7 to 10   Tadesse et al. 2014b
Productive life (female), years 23.1 Jijiga, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
22.4 Shinille, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
18.49   Tadesse et al. 2014b
17.5 Babile/Gursum Sisay et al. 2015
Number of calves in a lifetime 11.6 Jijiga, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
11.7 Shinille, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
8   Bekele and Kibebew 2002
9.17 Somali Keskes et al. 2013a
Calving rate, % 54.6 Jijiga, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
42.5 Shinille, Somali Tezera and Belay 2002
42.72 Erer valley, East Hararghe Mekuriaw and Tafesse 2000
40.5 Somali Bekele and Kibebew 2002
39.6 Borana, Oromia Megersa et al. 2008
Calving interval, months 23 to 24 Somali Ahmed Shek et al. 2005a, b
19.1 Jijiga/Shinille, Somali Bekele and Kibebew 2002
23.28 Somali Keskes et al. 2013b
24.25 Babile/Gursum Sisay et al. 2015
31.2 Afar Keskes et al. 2013a
25.5 Borana, Oromia Megersa et al. 2008
17.73 Borana, Oromia Dejene 2015
28.4 Somali, North Kenya Kaufmann 2005
27.3 Rendille, North Kenya Kaufmann 2005
28.0 Gabra, North Kenya Kaufmann 2005
Number of services per conception 1.73   Tadesse et al. 2015a, b
1.84 Afar Keskes et al. 2013b
1.63 Somali Keskes et al. 2013a
1.36 Erer valley, East Hararghe Mekuriaw and Tafesse 2000
Mortality 7.4 Borana, Oromia Megersa et al. 2008
15.8 (total) Afar Keskes et al. 2013
12.3 (calf) Afar Keskes et al. 2013
20.42 Erer valley, East Hararghe Mekuriaw and Tafesse 2000