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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 8 Differences in household work sharing among household members in different livelihood categories (values are mean ± standard deviation)

From: Traditional gender inequalities limit pastoral women’s opportunities for adaptation to climate change: Evidence from the Afar pastoralists of Ethiopia

Type of work Agrarian Pastoral Agro-pastoral
Daughter (%) Husband (%) Son (%) Wives (%) Daughter (%) Husband (%) Son (%) Wives (%) Daughter (%) Husband (%) Son (%) Wives (%)
House construction 0.0 100.0 8.3 5.3 6.5 60.7 10.0 67.7 10.0 88.0 23.3 16.0
Milking shoat 0.0 19.4 11.1 5.3 23.9 60.7 50.0 53.2 5.0 50.0 20.9 6.0
Milking camel 0.0 5.6 0.0 2.6 0.0 73.8 23.7 1.6 0.0 28.0 14.0 2.0
Baby seating 75.0 2.7 2.8 92.1 89.1 6.5 3.3 98.4 75.0 8.0 7.0 90.0*
Fetching water 77.8 13.5 2.8 94.7 89.1 8.1 6.7 100.0 85.0 16.0 14.0 94.0*
Preparation of food 83.3 5.4 2.8 94.7 89.1 8.1 1.7 98.4 85.0* 8.0 14.0 90.0*
Herding Shoat 2.8 13.5 50.0 5.3 21.7 25.8 81.7 14.5 5.0 32.0 44.2 8.0
Herding camel 0.0 2.7 5.6 2.6 4.3 50.0 70.0 0.0 0.0 28.0 18.6 6.0
Fetching fodder for young animals 0.0 62.2 41.7 23.7 10.9 75.8 61.7 33.9 25.0 68.0 53.5 42.0
Cleaning barns 77.8* 24.3 30.6 89.5 89.1 8.1 35.0 83.9 75.0 34.0 25.6 90.0
Milk processing 44.4 10.8 2.8 78.9 73.3 3.2 3.3 93.5 61.9 14.0 0.0 90.0
Making handcrafts 5.6 0.0 2.8 7.9 60.9 4.8 3.3 93.4 30.0 8.0 4.7 88.0
Collection and preparation of famine food 19.4 63.9 5.6 89.5 32.6 48.4 1.7 90.3 45.0 70.0 2.4 96.0
Transporting grain from miller to house 13.9 2.7 2.8 97.4 13.0 17.7 3.3 98.4 38.1 28.0 0.0 100.0