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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 2 Difference among households in terms of livestock and farm holding (values are mean ± standard deviation)

From: Traditional gender inequalities limit pastoral women’s opportunities for adaptation to climate change: Evidence from the Afar pastoralists of Ethiopia

Possession Livelihood category Household members
Agrarian Pastoral Agro-pastoral Husbands Wives Sons Daughters
Camel 0 ± 0.00 3.63 ± 4.02* 0.18 ± 0.89 1.46 ± 2.78* 0.02 ± 0.18 0.16 ± 0.72 0.03 ± 0.21
Goats 0 ± 0.00 15.66 ± 16.21* 2.98 ± 10.27 7.24 ± 13.05* 0.4 ± 1.61 0.49 ± 2.49 0.08 ± 0.57
Sheep 0.47 ± 1.39 4.16 ± 7.50 1.12 ± 3.40 1.84 ± 4.51 0.05 ± 0.47 0 ± 0.00 0 ± 0.00
Cattle 4.11 ± 4.04 2.18 ± 12.74 3.52 ± 3.52* 2.92 ± 7.95 0.09 ± 0.83 0.09 ± 0.86 0.01 ± 0.1
Chicken 3.66 ± 3.49* 0.19 ± 1.29 1.32 ± 2.39 0.85 ± 0.91 0.05 ± 0.24 0 ± 0.00 0 ± 0.00
Donkeys 1.16 ± 0.89 0.53 ± 0.78 1.12 ± 0.87 0.57 ± 1.6 0.65 ± 2.01 0 ± 0.00 0 ± 0.00
Farm size (tsimad)** 4.04 ± 2.9 3.44 ± 1.85 3.07 ± 1.53 2.38 ± 2.24 0.05 ± 0.37 0.04 ± 0.51 0 ± 0.00
  1. *Values across rows are significantly different (P<0.01)
  2. **a local unit of area of cultivated land which is a day's work of pair of oxen (tsimad), approximately equal to a quarter of a hectare