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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 10 Drought or climate change adaptation strategies employed by different livelihood categories and members of (values are mean ± standard deviation) households

From: Traditional gender inequalities limit pastoral women’s opportunities for adaptation to climate change: Evidence from the Afar pastoralists of Ethiopia

Adaptation strategies Livelihood categories Sex of household head Family members
Agrarian (%) Pastoral (%) Agro-pastoral (%) Female (%) Male (%) Daughters (%) Husbands (%) Sons (%) Wives (%)
Collection of wild fruits 14.2 39.4 27.7 27.2 30.2 2.8 45.3 11.3 48.0
Fetching and storing water 52.7 50.9 54.8 50.7 53.8 72.4 29.1 24.8 88.0
Labor work 31.1 31.4 27.7 31.9 29.1 1.9 64.2 27.7 18.7
Fetching livestock fodder 33.1 45.4 35.5 40.3 38.2 9.6 67.6 37.6 32.7
Migration to other areas 24.3 43.2 28.9 36.6 31.8 6.7 66.9 25.5 27.3
Storing meat 18.2 31.0 27.7 25.5 27.2 7.7 16.9 3.5 70.7
Selling animals 26.4 27.9 28.3 28.7 26.9 0.0 89.2 3.5 8.7
Purchasing grain 39.9 44.1 50.0 47.2 43.1 2.9 75.0 3.5 82.7
Livestock raids 8.1 15.3 15.1 17.6 10.4 1.0 41.2 3.5 3.3
Formal employment 25.0 24.0 18.7 22.7 22.6 1.0 56.1 14.9 12.0
Herd splitting 12.2 17.5 18.1 19.0 14.4 1.0 48.6 0.7 9.3
Child splitting 7.4 12.2 8.4 11.6 8.6 1.0 17.6 0.0 17.3
Going to Fikur 5.4 10.5 13.3 10.6 9.5 1.0 28.4 0.0 7.3
Borrowing money 14.2 22.7 25.3 22.2 20.5 1.0 64.2 0.7 12.0