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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 1 Difference between three categories of livelihoods in Aba’ala district, Afar regional state, Ethiopia

From: Traditional gender inequalities limit pastoral women’s opportunities for adaptation to climate change: Evidence from the Afar pastoralists of Ethiopia

Characteristics Livelihood groups
Agrarian Pastoral Agro-pastoral
Housing Hidmo or earthen roofed houses Mobile houses made of shrubs and grasses t Hidmo and modern iron sheet houses
Ethnicity Tigray Afar Afar
Mobility Sedentary Seasonal or opportunistic mobility Sedentary
Main livelihood Farming Herding Herding with considerable income from farming
Dominant type of livestock Cattle and sheep Camel and goat Sheep, cattle, goats and camel
Village structure > 100 households residing together 10 to 30 households residing in one village > 100 households residing in one village
Main type of food Grains/bread and Injera Milk, bread and meat Grains/bread and injera
Selected villages Hidmo, Aba’ala and Milazat Asangola, Gelaeso, Kala Arkudi, Aba’ala, Dinemeli