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Research, Policy and Practice

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Table 1 Summary of the main features of the LSF groups involved in the grabbing of Butana communal rangeland

From: Exploring the spatio-temporal processes of communal rangeland grabbing in Sudan

Category Background Land acquisition Geographical location of land Agricultural practices (crop husbandry) Networking
LSFs from Gadarif State - Majority are originally LSFs - Start to acquire land in the early 1980s - All over the area, with concentration adjacent to 1445NL - Long experience in rain-fed agriculture
- Farmers are fully engaged.
- Present throughout the year
- Have good infrastructure
- Control weeds by herbicides and mechanical means
- Leave crop residues for grazing
- Strong link with institutions and decision makers
LSFs from Kassala State - Mixture of farmers with experience in irrigated agriculture and pastoralists owning large number of livestock - Start to acquire land in the mid-1990s - In area bordering Kassala State - Limited experience in rain-fed agriculture
- Present during the rainy season to harvest
- Limit infrastructure
- Control weeds by mechanical means
- Collect crop residue
- Alliance with traditional leaders, local politicians, and related governmental departments in Kassala State
LSFs from Khartoum and other major cities in neighbouring states - Are mainly civil and military officials
- Late comers, forced to farm away from valleys
- Started to acquire land after 2010 through renting from LSFs from Gadarif and Kassala states - In the north western parts of the area - Absentee farmers mainly rely on Wakil
- Present during the rainy season to harvest
- Limited infrastructure
- Limited weed control
- Leave crop residue for free access
- Weak networks