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Research, Policy and Practice

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Table 3 Respondents’ perceptions of impact of transhumant practices on NRM in southern Mali

From: Perceived effects of transhumant practices on natural resource management in southern Mali

Parameters Bougouni Koutiala
Farmers (%) Settled pastoralists (%) Transhumant herders (%) Farmers (%) Settled pastoralists (%) Transhumant herders (%)
Incidence of uncontrolled bush fire
 Increase 56 71 21 9 0 0
 No change 37 23 71 59 33 88
 Decrease 7 6 8 32 67 12
Availability of forage resources
 Increase 7 0 4 1 6 0
 No change 0 18 4 20 5 12
 Decrease 93 82 92 79 89 88
Abusive cutting of trees
 Increase 94 100 33 68 44 0
 No change 2 0 42 32 50 100
 Decrease 4 0 25 0 6 0
Unauthorized grazing of crop residues
 Increase 58 71 46 26 28 0
 No change 2 0 33 22 11 63
 Decrease 40 29 21 52 61 37
Incidence of conflict over NR
 Increase 83 88 63 20 28 38
 No change 13 8 25 80 72 62
 Decrease 4 4 12 0 0 0
Species richness of the vegetation
 Increase 0 0 13 1 0 0
 No change 0 0 58 34 22 75
 Decrease 100 100 29 65 78 25
Spread of invasive species
 Increase 96 94 33 9 6 0
 No change 4 0 59 63 44 100
 Decrease 0 6 8 28 50 0
Soil fertility improvement
 Increase 47 12 21 42 56 63
 No change 4 6 37 33 33 37
 Decrease 49 82 42 25 11 0
Loss of biodiversity (flora and fauna)
 Increase 75 82 25 23 22 0
 No change 9 0 54 74 78 87
 Decrease 16 18 21 3 0 13
Annual production of vegetation
 Increase 0 6 8 0 5 0
 Decrease 96 94 46 68 56 0
 No change 4 0 46 32 39 100