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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 1 Characteristics of camel-owning and non-camel-owning households

From: Socio-economic determinants of pastoralists’ choice of camel production in Karamoja sub-region, Uganda

  All households Camel households Non-camel households
Explanatory variable Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Age of household head (years) 49.62 ± 14.98 54.2 ± 13.8 45.91 ± 14.98
Household size (people) 11.35 ± 5.88 11.46 ± 5.48 11.27 ± 6.23
On-farm income (Uganda shillings(UGX)) 1085002 ± 1471227 a 1628802 ± 1728317 a 643164 ± 1044305 a
Off-farm income (Uganda shillings(UGX)) 411353 ± 1172925 a 318039 ± 526810 a 487172 ± 1507846 a
Herd size (TLU) (excluding camels) 15.53 ± 25.92 22.16 ± 35.49 10.14 ± 11.88
Herd size (camels only)   17.96 ± 22.12  
Extension support Yes 21.2% 23.1% 19.7%
No 78.8% 76.92% 80.3%
Access to credit Yes 29.2% 25.5% 32.3%
No 70.8% 74.5% 67.7%
Distance to the nearest input stockist (km) 8.31 ± 6.76 9.19 ± 6.47 7.63 ± 6.94
Distance to the nearest extension office (km) 6.69 ± 5.82 6.41 ± 5.65 6.91 ± 5.98
  1. Tropical livestock units (TLU) for livestock include camels = 1.1, cattle = 0.5, goats = 0.1, sheep = 0.1, donkeys = 0.5 and chicken = 0.01 (FAO 2003)
  2. a1 US dollar = 3370 Uganda shillings at the time of data collection