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Table 8 Regression outputs of dynamic fixed effects model against the dependent variable

From: The effects of adaptation to climate change on income of households in rural Ethiopia

Variables Lag year 1 Lag year 2 Lag year 3 Lag year 4
Coef. Std. Err. Coef. Std. Err. Coef. Std. Err. Coef. Std. Err.
Age of household head −418.3 113.7 −162.9 73.3 −378.9 448.8 −307.2 466.5
Family members whose age below 15 years 127.2 160.1 456.3 248.3 −149.2 61.5 −150.2 60.8
Family members aged between 15 and 64 years −20.7 130.5 315.2 168.3 363.9 208.9 307.8 207.7
Family members whose age above 64 years 584.8 748.2 −176.2 803.8 248.2 140.7 203.2 139.7
Number of cattle 58.1 45.7 85.3 55.9 −113.9 728.9 44.9 773.4
Number of goats −5.1 6.4 0.3 6.70 75.1 51.2 70.0 51.2
Number of sheep 49.8 205.3 −327.8 209.6 0.8 6.0 1.7 6.2
Number of camel 91.2 68.8 −18.9 135.9 −274.9 177.5 −297.8 209.2
Stocking fodder 359.1 334.0 264.4 398.4 −32.5 116.9 −33.5 114.1
Access to extension services 89.5 402.8 438.7 455.9 149.3 369.8 219.1 378.7
Access to water sources 390.1 293.5 149.9 407.8 385.1 387.7 381.3 425.7
Cropping 408.6 367.6 260.7 739.1 126.3 383.4 24.6 354.9
Livestock mobility 506.7 441.8 664.7 522.6 224.0 703.5 296.3 652.5
Zero grazing 117.5 225.6 −314.5 280.9 621.8 500.0 676.4 503.6
Pasturing in own village −148.4 155.3 32.8 180.9 −322.1 268.9 −397.4 252.4
Use of selected breeds 28.5 173.2 44.4 224.6 87.2 198.0 81.7 200.1
Livestock diversification 983.3 1,116.5 1,186.2 1,275.1 87.2 198.0 1,351.4 1,238.5
Off-farm 94.2 184.4 225.5 234.4 1,320.5 1,340.9 233.9 220.4
Restocking 94.3 210.8 410.4 233.5 225.5 223.6 344.4 210.1
Destocking 51.1 140.2 4.5 148.2 389.1 209.5 51.4 143.7
Purchase of straw 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.10 −9.8 135.6 0.04 0.04
Purchase of hay 0.1 0.1 −0.1 0.20 0.04 0.10 −0.07 0.16
Purchase of formula feed 0.1 0.2 −0.1 0.10 −0.1 0.20 −0.08 0.13
Hay production 75.8 44.9 134.1 77.9 −0.1 0.10 129.6 71.7
Straw production 6.1 28.1 8.3 29.7 148.3 75.0 0.5 26.7
Income lag year    0.1 0.07 3.9 27.5 −0.06 0.05
Constant 25,578.15 6,128.6 5,323.5 4,087.5 −0.1 0.10 6,868.1 3,776.1
  1. Source: Collected by authors