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Table 6 Effects of adaptation actions on annual income using fixed effects model

From: The effects of adaptation to climate change on income of households in rural Ethiopia

Variables Coefficient Standard error
Age of household head −90.1 30.1a
Family members whose age below 15 years (number) 162.0 103.1
Family members whose age 15 to 64 years (number) 39.4 67.9
Family members whose age above 64 years (number) −185.4 471.1
Number of cattle −3.1 29.4
Number of goats −3.2 4.6
Number of sheep −71.2 168.7
Number of camel 53.0 70.2
Stocking fodder 77.6 212.7
Access to extension services 286.4 179.7
Access to water sources 949.7 448.5b
Cropping 407.1 443.7
Livestock mobility 551.9 209.5b
Zero grazing 32.9 148.9
Pasturing in own village −50.8 107.6
Use of selected breeds 104.6 119.4
Livestock diversification 913.7 447.6b
Off-farm 262.6 144.3
Restocking 195.9 143.3
Destocking −11.8 99.1
Purchase of straw 0.06 0.04
Purchase of hay −0.03 0.11
Purchase of formula feed −0.03 0.13
Hay production 93.6 20.6a
Straw production 35.05 15.1b
Income lag year 2.8 32.5
Constant 856.9 65,921.6
Rho (ρ i ) = 0.536
F(312, 1220) = 2.55 Prob > F = 0.0000
  1. Note: aand bdenote significance at 1% and 5% levels, respectively. Source: Collected by authors