Skip to main content

Research, Policy and Practice

Pastoralism Cover Image

Table 1 Summary statistics and variable descriptions (n = 313)

From: The effects of adaptation to climate change on income of households in rural Ethiopia

Variables and specification Mean Standard deviation
Age of household head (years) 48.9 10.7
Sex of household head (1 = Male, 0 = Female) 0.84 0.36
No. of family members aged below 15 years (number) 3.0 1.01
No. of family members aged 15 to 64 years (number) 6.0 2.13
Family members aged above 64 years (number) 0.09 0.30
Education of household head (1 = Illiterate, 2 = Read and write, 3 = Primary, 4 = Secondary, 5 = Tertiary) 66.9 0.72
Working experience in livestock farming (years) 25.17 11.42
Repeating move for more than one month (1 = Yes, 0 = Otherwise) 0.06 0.24
Access to water sources (1 = Yes, 0 = Otherwise) 0.85 0.34
Stocking fodder (1 = Yes, 0 = Otherwise) 0.22 0.41
Access to extension services (1 = Yes, 0 = Otherwise) 0.02 0.14
Cropping (1 = Yes, 0 = Otherwise) 0.65 0.47
Size of cattle holding (total livestock unit) 6.77 2.61
Size of goat (total livestock unit) 15.5 22.9
Size of sheep (total livestock unit) 0.03 0.31
Size of camel (total livestock unit) 0.30 1.15
Diversification (1 = Yes, 0 = Otherwise) 0.15 0.36
Zero grazing (1 = Yes, 0 = Otherwise) 0.48 0.50
Pasturing in own village (1 = Yes, 0 = Otherwise) 0.67 0.47
Use of selected breeds (1 = Yes, 0 = Otherwise) 0.21 0.41
Migration (1 = Yes, 0 = Otherwise) 0.42 0.90
Restocking (number) 0.41 0.49
Destocking (number) 0.39 0.48
Hay production (kg) 169.1 531.2
Straw production (kg) 876.8 1,384
Purchase of hay (kg) 80.5 379.9
Purchase of straw (kg) 261.9 1,043
  1. Source: Collected by authors. Note: Tropical livestock unit (TLU) is meant to represent a live weight of tropical livestock given by 250 kg as a benchmark used for estimating other herds equivalently. On average, 1 TLU = 1 camel = 0.7 cattle = 0.1 sheep or goat = 0.5 donkey = 0.45 heifer or bull = 0.7 mule or horse = 0.2 bee colonies or = 0.01 chickens (Randela et al. 2000)