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Research, Policy and Practice

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Table 5 Current income, expenditure and calorie intake of sample households by household type

From: Impacts of Prosopis juliflora invasion on livelihoods of pastoral and agro-pastoral households of Dire Dawa Administration, Ethiopia

Pre-interv. variables Invaded N = (250) Non-invaded N = (200) Sample household N = (450) Means difference t value
Mean STD Mean STD Mean STD Mean STD
EDUEXPE 562.644 485.170 366.620 301.501 465.119 415.608 169.024 183.669 −4.860***
AAILS 1,719.946 2,651.149 2,161.128 2,267.842 1,939.439 2,474.703 −441.182 383.307 1.792*
AAIMP 656.990 1,130.953 941.050 1,663.434 798.313 1,426.359 −284.06 −532.481 2.004**
AAFW/CP 1,235.460 2,223.456 561.200 1,529.271 900.008 1,937.154 674.26 694.185 −3.539***
AAICP 3,053.03 2,350.367 2,215.006 1,881.04 2,636.106 2,168.163 838.031 469.326 −3.944***
OFFFARMIN 6,173.871 9,412.567 5,036.040 14,727.954 1,137.831 −5,315.39 5,607.786 12,344.151 −0.9240NS
FOaNFEXPE 9,879.327 5,684.264 6,429.45 5,636.152 8,162.970 5,911.239 3,449.877 48.112 −6.110***
HEALEXPE 243.158 252.378 153.170 295.857 198.388 278.198 89.988 −43.48 −3.282***
CALINTAKE 2,704.443 1,718.556 1,859.700 1,165.135 2,284.173 1,527.393 844.743 553.422 −5.763***
  1. Source: own survey data, 2015
  2. *, ** and *** mean significant at the 10%, 5% and 1% probability levels, respectively
  3. Not significant (NS)