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Research, Policy and Practice

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Table 4 Socio-economic characteristics of sample households by household type

From: Impacts of Prosopis juliflora invasion on livelihoods of pastoral and agro-pastoral households of Dire Dawa Administration, Ethiopia

Pre-interv. variables Description Invaded Non-invaded Total χ 2 value
(N = 250) (N = 200) (N = 450)
No. % No. % No. %
SEXHH MALE 220 88 164 82 384 85 2.963*
FEMALE 30 12 36 18 66 15
EDUHH Illiterate 200 80 132 66 332 73 10.311***
Literate 50 20 68 34 118 27
Yes 71 28.4 145 72.50 216 50.45 25.604***
No 179 71.6 94 46.50 273 59.05  
CREDITACC Yes 103 41.2 68 33.66 171 37.43 2.153NS
No 147 58.8 132 65.35 279 62.08
DRTEF Yes 175 70 190 94.06 365 82.03 43.879***
No 75 30 10 4.95 85 17.475
Number of food secured people Food secure 126 50.4 81 40.5 207 45.45 4.048**
Not food secure 124 49.6 119 59.5 243 54.55
SAFTYNT Yes 161 64.4 102 50.5 263 57.45 7.346***
No 89 35.6 98 48.51 187 42.06
IRRGTN Yes 22 8.8 56 27.72 78 18.26 24.383***
No 228 91.2 144 71.29 372 81.25
  1. Source: own survey data, 2015
  2. *, ** and *** mean significant at the 10%, 5% and 1% probability levels, respectively
  3. Not significant (NS)