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Research, Policy and Practice

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Table 5 Detailed herd composition

From: Fulani cattle productivity and management in the Kachia Grazing Reserve, Nigeria

Life stage (age in years) March June
Complete herdf Non transhumant sub-herdg Complete herdf
  No. % No. % No. %
Calf female (<1) 63 9.2 55 7.9 130 6.6
Calf male (<1) 41 6.0 38 5.5 125 6.3
Juvenile female (1 to 2) 93 13.5 76 11.0 271 13.7
Juvenile male (1 to 2) 88 12.8 99 14.3 191 9.6
Steera (3 to 4) 32 4.7 23 3.3 6 0.3
Steer (5 to 7) 3 0.4 7 1.0 23 1.2
Steer (8 to 10) 0 0.0 5 0.7 6 0.3
Steer (>10) 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 0.1
Bullb (3 to 4) 32 4.7 35 5.1 131 6.6
Bull (5 to 7) 20 2.9 21 3.0 67 3.4
Bull (8 to 10) 5 0.7 2 0.3 10 0.5
Heiferc (3 to 4) 73 10.6 54 7.8 277 14.0
Heifer (5 to 7) 5 0.7 5 0.7 26 1.3
Cowd (3 to 4) 40 5.8 40 5.8 49 2.5
Cow (5 to 7) 129 18.8 152 21.9 423 21.4
Cow (8 to 10) 56 8.2 71 10.2 171 8.6
Cow (>10) 7 1.0 9 1.3 59 3.0
Draughte male (>4) 0 0.0 1 0.1 14 0.7
Sub-total females 466 67.8 462 66.6 1,406 71.1
Sub-total males 221 32.2 231 33.3 575 29.0
Grand total 687 100.0 693 100.0 1,981 100.0
  1. Source: March and June cattle histories
  2. aCastrated male
  3. bEntire male
  4. cSexually mature female that has not had a calf
  5. dSexually mature female that has had a calf
  6. ePloughing oxen
  7. fAll cattle in the herd in KGR at time of sample
  8. gSome cattle in the herd on transhumance therefore could only collect data on the sub-herd left in the KGR