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Research, Policy and Practice

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Table 4 Norwegian administrative levels and areas of responsibility in large carnivore governance (adapted from Fedreheim 2013)

From: Trade-offs in pastoral governance in Norway: Challenges for biodiversity and adaptation

Level Responsible agency Areas of competence/responsibility
International Bern Convention • Ensures sustainable carnivore populations
  • Conserve biological diversity
• Ensures sustainable use of biological diversity’s components
State Ministry of Climate and Environment • Has overall responsibility for wildlife
• Appoints members to the Regional Carnivore Management Boards
• Serves as Appeals Court for the Regional Carnivore Management Boards
Norwegian Environment Agency • Performs bureaucratic work related to the Wildlife Act
• Gathers knowledge and information about wildlife
• Serves as Appeals Court for the County Governor
State Nature Inspectorate • Executive field branch
• Assists livestock owners in gathering documentation
• Prevents and stops environmental criminality
• Supervises the stock of carnivores
• Carries out measures initiated by the Norwegian Environment Agency
Regional County Governor • Manages Golden Eagles
• Performs damage prevention efforts related to the Golden Eagle
• Decides on quotas and licensed hunting on all large carnivores
• Guides (and acts as the secretariat for) the Regional Carnivore Management Boards
Regional Carnivore Committeesa • Implementing the national policy in their regions
• Set the yearly quota for hunting lynx, wolverines and brown bear
• Set the yearly number of lynx hunters and licensed hunters of wolverines and brown bears
• Develop detailed guidelines for use of funds
• Develop a management plan based on the national targets, including area differentiation plan
Local Municipality • Manage wild herbivores
  1. aThese have five or six members, each appointed by the Ministry of Climate and Environment after being nominated by the County Council and the Sámi parliament