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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 1 Main features of the study sites

From: Participatory analysis of vulnerability to drought in three agro-pastoral communities in the West African Sahel

Feature Fakara Gabi Zermou
Location Tillabery region, Western Niger Maradi region, Central Niger Zinder region, Eastern Niger
Nearest urban market Niamey (about 80 km) Maradi (about 40 km) Zinder (about 40 km)
Annual precipitation 450 mm (range: 180 to 675) 550 mm (range: 275 to 775) 350 mm (range: 70 to 525)
Dominant ethnic group Djerma Hausa Hausa
Other ethnic group Fulani Fulani, Bouzoua Fulani
Soil fertility (physical and chemical properties) Poor/average Good Poor/average
Major crops Millet, cowpea Millet, sorghum, cowpea Millet, sorghum, cowpea
Degree of crop-livestock integration Medium High Medium
Household size (adult equivalent) 6.48 7.03 5.19
No. of livestock owned (TLU per household) 4.67 2.67 2.89
Education level
 - Illiterate (not able to read or write) 60 % 56 % 32 %
 - Primary school 15 % 17 % 17 %
 - Secondary 0 % 2 % 3 %
 - Koranic education 25 % 25 % 48 %
  1. Sources: Turner and Hiernaux 2002; Hiernaux and Ayantunde 2004; Saqalli 2008; Ayantunde et al. 2011; Saqalli et al. 2011; Saqalli et al. 2013. aBouzous are the descendants of Tuareg slaves and freed during the colonization. They still keep large elements of Tuareg culture and keep mainly livestock