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Research, Policy and Practice

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Table 2 Ten qualitative variables assessing security strategies of pastoral settlements and number of settlements for each modality of variables (n = 16 settlements, 2010)

From: How do pastoral families combine livestock herds with other livelihood security means to survive? The case of the Ferlo area in Senegal

Variables Modalities of variables No. of settlements
Family organization   
 No. of houses (galle) 1 11
2 3
>2 2
 No. of households (hirande) 1 or 2 6
3 or 4 8
5 and more 2
 No. of adults <5 5
5 to 15 5
16 and more 6
Diversification   
 Type of activities Livestock farming only 7
Livestock farming and occasional non-farming activities 2
Livestock and non-farming activities 4
Livestock farming and crops and non-farming activities 3
 Presence of livestock market operators No 10
Market intermediary (tefanke) 1
Livestock trader (dioula) 5
 Activity of ram sales for the Tabaskia No 4
Opportunistic sales 5
Sale of large batches, more than 60 rams per year 7
Accumulation of stock   
 No. of small ruminants <100 4
100 to 300 6
>300 7
 No. of cattle 0 2
1 to 20 3
21 to 50 5
51 and more 6
Mobility   
 Long-distance mobility to Saloum No 10
Mobility of a part of the herds and family 3
Mobility of all the herds and family 3
 Frequency of non-local activities No 7
Occasional (less than one week per month) 4
  Regular (more than one week per month) 5
  1. aTabaski is the local name for the Aïd el Kebir ceremony.