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Research, Policy and Practice

Table 1 Summarized matrix scoring (range in brackets) of major clinical signs of cattle diseases with Kendal's coefficient of concordance ( W ) for the median scores

From: Impacts of foot-and-mouth disease on livelihoods in the Borena Plateau of Ethiopia

Indicators/clinical signs W P values Foot-and-mouth disease Heat-intolerance syndrome Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Pasteurellosis Tick infestation Blackleg
Mortality 0.865* 1 (0,2) 0 (0,1) 7 (6,9) 6 (6,9) 1 (0,4) 9 (3,10)
Milk reduction 0.783* 7 (5,10) 6 (4,8) 4 (0,5) 4 (3,5) 2 (0,3) 4 (1,4)
Lameness/footsore 0.769* 16 (10,20) 0 (0,6) 1 (0,3) 0 (0,0) 3 (0,10) 5 (3,9)
Nasal discharge 0.904* 0 (0,2) 0 (0,0) 6 (3,14) 18 (14,20) 0 (0,4) 0 (0,0)
Abortion 0.768* 12 (5,20) 6 (2,10) 2 (0,6) 1 (0,5) 2 (0,5) 1 (0,2)
Seeking shade 0.809* 2 (0,5) 19 (10,20) 2 (0,5) 2 (0,5) 0 (0,0) 0 (0,0)
Hair overgrowth 0.821* 0 (0,5) 25 (20,25) 0 (0,2) 0 (0,0) 0 (0,0) 0 (0,0)
Sudden death 0.943* 0 (0,1) 0 (0,0) 4 (3,7) 5 (3,8) 1 (0,2) 15 (8,16)
Salivation 0.783* 18 (12,25) 0 (0,3) 2 (0,4) 4 (0,9) 0 (0,5) 0 (0,2)
Mouth lesion 0.883* 20 (6,25) 0 (0,8) 0 (0,0) 0 (0,0) 0 (0,0) 0 (0,0)
Kissing sound 0.788* 23 (18,25) 0 (0,2) 0 (0,5) 0 (0,6) 0 (0,0) 0 (0,0)
Panting 0.806* 5 (2,6) 13 (12,20) 5 (2,8) 1 (0,3) 0 (0,2) 0 (0,4)
Morbidity 0.699* 10 (2,15) 1 (0,2) 5 (2,8) 5 (2,7) 2 (2,5) 2 (1,8)
Contagiousity 0.841* 12 (10,14) 1 (0,4) 5 (3,10) 4 (3,5) 2 (1,3) 2 (0,3)
Emaciation 0.581* 10 (4,10) 5 (0,8) 5 (0,7) 3 (0,5) 6 (2,7) 0 (0,2)