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Research, Policy and Practice

Pastoralism Cover Image

Table 2 Some livestock management practices undertaken in the study areas

From: Caught in a sandstorm: an assessment of pressures on communal pastoral livelihoods in the Kalahari Desert of Botswana

Variables Study area
Ghanzi (%) Kgalagadi South (%) Total (%)
Source of livestock drinking water    
 (i) Own borehole 6 (15) 7 (18) 13 (33)
 (ii) Syndicate borehole 18 (45) 9 (23) 27 (68)
Gender of labour    
 (i) Males 11 (28) 15 (38) 26 (65)
 (ii) Females 2 (5) 0 (0) 2 (5)
 (iii) Males and females 11 (28) 1 (3) 12 (30)
Reliability of labour    
 (i) Very reliable 16 (40) 3 (8) 19 (48)
 (ii) Reliable 5 (13) 7 (18) 12 (30)
 (iii) Not reliable 3 (8) 5 (13) 8 (20)
 (iv) Do not know 0 (0) 1 (3) 1 (3)
Type of livestock housing    
 (i) Bush enclosures (kraals) 1 (3) 2 (5) 3 (8)
 (ii) Improved shelter 23 (55) 14 (35) 37 (93)
Mineral supplementation of livestock?    
 (i) Yes 22 (55) 15 (38) 37 (93)
 (ii) No 2 (5) 1 (3) 3 (8)