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Research, Policy and Practice

Pastoralism Cover Image

Table 1 The socio-economic characteristics of pastoral households in the study areas

From: Caught in a sandstorm: an assessment of pressures on communal pastoral livelihoods in the Kalahari Desert of Botswana

Variables Study area
Ghanzi (%) Kgalagadi South (%) Total (%)
Gendera    
 (i) Male 19 (48) 15 (38) 34 (85)
 (ii) Female 5 (13) 1 (3) 6 (15)
Age groupa    
 (i) 21 to 39 years 4 (10) 2 (5) 6 (15)
 (ii) 40 to 65 years 19 (48) 8 (20) 27 (63)
 (iii) >65 years 1 (3) 6 (15) 7 (18)
Educationlevela    
 (i) Illiterate 7 (18) 5 (13) 12 (30)
 (ii) Formal education 17 (43) 11 (28) 28 (70)
Main source of income    
 (i) Employed in agriculture 13 (33) 14 (35) 27 (68)
 (ii) Formal employment 7 (18) 2 (2) 9 (23)
 (iii) Pension 4 (10) 0 (0) 4 (10)
Livestock ownership    
 (i) Cattle 24 (65) 13 (35) 37 (100)
 (ii) Goats 16 (52) 15 (48) 31 (100)
 (iii) Sheep 5 (31) 11 (69) 16 (100)
 (iv) Equine 19 (54) 16 (46) 35 (100)
 (v) Chickens 19 (95) 1 (5) 20 (100)
  1. aHead of household.