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Research, Policy and Practice

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Table 3 Work sharing between family members and hired labour by livestock management activities

From: Nomadic pastoralism in southern Iran

Activities Family members involved (%) Male hired labour* (%)
  Adults (>15 years) Children (<15 years)  
  Male Female Male Female  
Purchasing animals 83 17 - - -
Selling animals 83 17 - - -
Shepherding 32 - 5 - 63
Breeding 56 - - - 44
Caring for sick animals 35 35 - - 30
Feeding 27 27 21 2 23
Milking 4 32 22 7 35
Shearing 53 2 - - 45
  1. *Hired male labourers are older than 15 years except for milking where 8% were younger than 15 years.