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Research, Policy and Practice

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Table 1 Differences between a policy and action plan

From: Linking vision with reality in the implementation of policy framework for pastoralism in Nigeria

Policy Action plan
A statement and a guiding principle for achieving a stated goal; it is more of a theory A strategy and a guiding principle for achieving a stated goal in a practical way
Policies are too ambitious and sometimes utopian Realistic with the existing circumstances
Rigid with little room for review and update Flexible; it accommodates monitoring, evaluation and review
It is usually a product of bureaucratic and political decision-making IA product of research and practice
Optimistic in the achievement of desired objective without much consideration to factors that obstruct policy outcome Consideration to problems and circumstances in achievement of objectives
That the parameters and conditions at the time of policy making remain static up to the time of implementation Provision for evaluation and updates