Livelihood strategies in Longido. (a) Different strategies are represented according to annual household income from livestock, agriculture, conservation and off-farm sources. The first bar of the chart represents undiversified pastoralists; the others have significant proportional contributions from other activities. Some households (‘poor’) had no source of income or production, other than remittances from absent members. (b) Same data represented as proportions of mean total income for each strategy. Note that most have no wildlife-based income, but only the poorest have no livestock.