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Research, Policy and Practice

Pastoralism Cover Image

Table 4 Quick and dirty beef industry budget (Zimbabwean $ dollar 1986)

From: The economics and institutional economics of wildlife on private land in Africa

Costs  
1. Government services 62
2. Cold Storage Commission subsidy 50
3. Farmer's variable costs 74
4. Farmer capital investment (land, cattle) ??
5. Farmer overhead costs (fixed costs) ??
6. Industry investment in European Union-standard abattoirs, buffalo fencing, etc. ??
7. Environmental costs (overgrazing) ??
Total Costs 185+
Income  
1. Actual 149
2. With European Economic Commission exports 191