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Table 3 Comparative survey data of sheep and goat farms in Greece, classified by region.

From: Past, present and future of pastoralism in Greece

Region Observations Flock size (heads) Sheep (heads) Goats (heads) Milk (kg/year) Fecundity NEL-Grazing (%)
Arcadia 41 231.2 c 94.5 b 136.7 cd 103.9 c 1.14 c 47.4 c
Aegean islands 51 215.4 c 42.2 a 173.2 d 20.2 a 0.96 ab 61.9 d
Etoloacarnania 37 190.7 bc 98.6 b 92.0 bc 74.4 b 1.03 abc 66.8 de
Epiros 68 129.9 a 106.6 b 23.3 a 144.4 d 1.28 d 32.3 b
Makedonia 17 607.9 e 308.5 c 299.4 e 67.4 b 0.91 a 58.5 cd
Messinia 102 144.4 ab 80.8 b 63.6 ab 64.9 b 1.06 bc 69.2 e
Thessalia 15 346.8 d 249.6 c 97.2 abcd 132.7 d 1.01 abc 19.5 a
S.E.   8.91 7.08 9.54 3.29 0.018 1.38
P value   P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P < 0.001
  1. a, b, c, d, e Figures sharing different letters on the same column differ at P < 0.05. Significant differences in flock size, sheep and/or goat heads per holding, milk per adult female in flock, fecundity and the share of grazing on covering energy requirements of sheep and goats are observed between the various regions of Greece (A compilation of data produced by the Department of Nutritional Physiology and Feeding at the Agricultural University of Athens).