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Research, Policy and Practice

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Table 4 nutritional aspects of the fodder tree leaves and shrubs available in the study area

From: Indigenous fodder trees can increase grazing accessibility for landless and mobile pastoralists in northern Pakistan

Fodder plant DM [%] CP [%] IVDMD [%] PIR [gm/4 min] ± SE*
Trees
Ailanthus chinensis 26.7 15.2 63.2 37.0 ± 3.42 b
Zizyphus jujube 23.4 17.8 63.2 71.2 ±14.21a
Melia azedarach 21.7 12.8 62.6 36.3 ± 2.63 b
Grewia oppositifolia 27.3 19.9 62.2 72.8 ± 16.35a
Corylus avellana 22.6 20.7 61.3 69.5 ± 14.57a
Aesculus indica 28.6 18.7 60.6 67.8 ± 15.12a
Diospyros lotus 29.4 14.2 57.5 68.3 ± 15.62a
Acacia modesta 23.4 17.5 55.9 41.4 ±7.23 b
Betula utilis 28.2 19.7 54.4 70.8 ± 12.17a
Morus nigra 27.2 14.6 54.4 69.4 ±8.23 a
Acacia nilotica 22.7 18.1 54.3 43.5 ±8.44 b
Ficus sarmentosa 33.4 12.4 54.3 45.5 ± 4.94 b
Salix tetrasperma 24.8 17.4 52.7 39.8 ±7.62 b
Robinia pseudoacacia 23.7 11.9 52.7 40.3 ± 8.61 b
Morus alba 26.5 14.8 52.3 72.3 ± 11.4a
Celtis australis 23.7 10.7 49.3 69.8 ± 7.66a
Olea cuspidate 36.4 11.6 46.4 38.8 ± 10.76 b
Celtis caucasica 32.2 10.1 46.3 67.5 ± 20.87a
Quercus incana 37.4 11.9 42.4 18.3 ± 2.36c
Quercus dilatata 38.6 12.0 41.9 13.2 ±1.92 d
Shrubs
Impatiens bicolor 38.1 15.6 69.7 34.0 ± 6.68c
Cotoneaster nummularia 36.4 19.8 63.2 70.9 ±11.39 a
Anisomeles indica 28.4 19.8 61.2 57.5 ± 8.87ab
Debregeasia salicifolia 33.6 18.0 58.2 67.5 ± 11.00a
Indigofera gerardiana 38.1 16.6 57.8 67.5 ± 15.95a
Myrsine africana 36.2 23.7 57.1 53.0 ± 8.47bc
Indigofera heterantha 37.2 17.3 55.9 64.3 ±9.14 a
Dodonaea viscosa 22.2 17.3 41.9 13.5 ± 2.25d
Artemisia maritima 31.4 13.6 41.9 16.5 ±2.31 d
  1. * Each figure represents the mean (± standard error) of four samples. Subscript letters indicate significant differences (P < 0.05).