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Research, Policy and Practice

Pastoralism Cover Image

Table 2 tree and shrub species altitudinal distribution and use by livestock species and age group

From: Indigenous fodder trees can increase grazing accessibility for landless and mobile pastoralists in northern Pakistan

Name of tree/Shrub Altitudinal zone Livestock species Type of livestock
  L M H S G C B y a m
Trees
Salix tetrasperma X X X    X X   X  
Robinia pseudoacacia X X X X X    X X X
Morus alba X X     X X    X
Ailanthus chinensis X X     X X    X
Celtis australis X X     X X X X X
Morus nigra X X    X X   X X X
Aesculus indica   X X    X    X  
Quercus incana   X X    X    X  
Quercus dilatata   X X   X X    X  
Acacia modesta X    X X    X X X
Acacia nilotica X    X X    X X X
Olea cuspidata X    X X    X   X
Zizyphus jujuba X    X X X X X   X
Grewia oppositifolia X      X X    X
Diospyros lotus   X    X X   X X X
Celtis caucasica   X    X X   X X X
Ficus sarmentosa   X    X    X X X
Melia azedarach   X   X X X X    
Betula utilis    X    X   X   
Corylus avellana    X    X     X
Shrubs
Dodonaea viscosa X     X     X  
Cotoneaster nummularia X X   X X    X X X
Indigofera heterantha   X   X X    X X X
Myrsine Africana   X   X X    X X X
Debregeasia salicifolia   X   X X X X   X  
Anisomeles indica   X    X X X   X  
Impatiens bicolor   X   X X   X   X  
Artemisia maritima   X X X X X    X X
Indigofera gerardiana    X X X X     X
  1. L: low altitude <1000 m
  2. M: middle altitude 1000-2000 m
  3. H: high altitude >2000 m
  4. S: sheep
  5. G: goat
  6. C: cattle
  7. B: buffalo
  8. y: young
  9. a: adult
  10. m: milking