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Research, Policy and Practice

Pastoralism Cover Image

Table 1 availability and use of fodder trees and shrubs during each season

From: Indigenous fodder trees can increase grazing accessibility for landless and mobile pastoralists in northern Pakistan

Fodder plant Local name in Pushtu Type of fodder use during each season
   Spring Dry summer Wet summer Early autumn Late autumn Winter
Trees
Aesculus indica Jawaz D      D
Quercus incana Spin Banj F      F
Olea cuspidate Khona F      F
Grewia oppositifolia Pastaoonay F      F
Ficus sarmentosa Batinzer F      F
Zizyphus jujuba Baira F      F
Acacia modesta Keeker F     P F
Acacia nilotica Palousa F     P F
Quercus dilatata Tour Banj F F     F
Robinia pseudoacacia Angrezi Keekar F F    P  
Betula utilis Braj   F F    
Corylus avellana Zangali badam   F F    
Diospyros lotus Tour Amluk   F F    
Morus alba Spin Toot   F F    
Morus nigra Tour Toot   F F    
Ailanthus chinensis Laintus   F F    
Salix tetrasperma Wala   F F F   
Celtis australis Tagha   F F F   
Celtis caucasica Khangrho   F F F   
Melia azedarach Shandai    F F   
Shrubs
Cotoneaster nummularia Mamanra F/B      F/B
Impatiens bicolor Baikrhai F      F
Myrsine Africana Marourhang B     B B
Anisomeles indica Tour Panra    B B   
Dodonaea viscosa Ghwarhaskey       B
Indigofera heterantha Gwaraija    B B   
Indigofera gerardiana Kainthai   B B B B  
Debregeasia salicifolia Ajlai B   B B B B
Artemisia maritima Jaokay B   B B B B
  1. F: Fresh leaves
  2. D: Dry leaves
  3. P: Pods
  4. B: Browse