Research, Policy and Practice

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Livestock and predators in western Bhutan: trade-offs and management

The Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan has a high percentage of natural forest that supports a diversity of endangered wild predators, according to IUCN. Bhutan is internationally recognized for its exemplary conservation policy. But the loss of cattle to these predators is an on-going source of conflict between predators, farmers, and wildlife managers.  The great majority of rural Bhutanese raise some livestock, which contribute 22% of rural incomes. However, nearly half the surveyed farmers released their livestock into the surrounding forests for untended grazing, where the cattle are subject to attack by the endangered dhole (Asiatic wild dog) Cuon alpinus (50% of losses), while the vulnerable leopard (Panthera pardus) accounted for one third of losses, with 11% losses by  endangered tigers (Panthera tigris).

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Farmers reported that lack of labour due to rural-urban migration and increased school enrolment of children was the principal reason for not accompanying their livestock into the forests for grazing.  The Bhutanese authors, who work in forestry and conservation organisations, offer practical solutions; increasing the proportion of higher-yielding exotic breeds which are closely tended and stall-fed; encouraging fodder crops; creating more fenced pastures in the forests; livestock insurance and compensation schemes.

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Pastoralism is now in ESCI

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Aims and scope

Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice investigates extensive livestock production systems throughout the world from a variety of disciplinary perspectives across the biophysical, social and economic sciences. The journal publishes research, reviews, reports and commentaries that influence public policy on the rangelands and livestock on which pastoralists rely for their livelihoods. These studies are not applied in the traditional sense, but through publishing basic research in this field Pastoralism acts as a forum for sharing information between scientists, policy makers and practitioners, with the aim of improving the welfare of pastoralists and better conserving the environments in which they live and the livestock upon which they rely.

The journal was founded in 2009 by Roy Behnke and Carol Kerven, social anthropologists who have each worked for forty years in pastoral and rangeland research and development in many countries. Carol is the Editor-in-Chief and Roy is the Book Review editor.

Article publishing charges, waivers and sponsorships

Open access publishing is not without costs. Pastoralism therefore levies an article-processing charge (APC) of £865/$1355/€1105 for each article accepted for publication. Pastoralism can waive the APC for a number of articles at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief. More information about APCs, memberships and waiver programs can be found here.